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August 26, 2022 French

« La France et les États-Unis face aux défis d'aujourd'hui », John Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Washington [Réponse à une question à propos du Rwanda]

Card Number 17171

Number
17171
Author
Juppé, Alain
Date
11 mai 1994
Ymd
19940511
Title
« La France et les États-Unis face aux défis d'aujourd'hui », John Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, Washington [Réponse à une question à propos du Rwanda]
Size
2070434 bytes
Pages nb.
2
Source
Public records
Type
Conférence
Language
FR
Abstract
After François Mitterrand declared on television on May 10, 1994: "we are not destined to make war everywhere, even when horror strikes us in the face", Alain Juppé , the next day, during a conference at the John Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, went one better by answering a question from the Senegalese ambassador about Rwanda: "I do not believe that the international community can go and police everywhere on the planet and send, wherever people are fighting, interposition forces". Whereas for Mitterrand France does not have to intervene, for Juppé it is the whole international community which does not have to intervene. We should therefore leave the massacre in peace. According to him, nothing can be reproached to France which had sent a year ago "about 800 men who intervened between the two factions". Curious way to disguise the French military support to the FAR. After the arrival of the blue helmets and the withdrawal of the French soldiers, Juppé claims that "a government of national reconciliation has been put in place". It's wrong. The government provided for by the Arusha Accords was not put in place and when Habyarimana finally agreed to do so, he was assassinated the same evening. While the extremists massacred the Tutsi and the supporters of the peace agreements, a government was formed under the auspices of the French ambassador, therefore of Juppé, comprising only Hutu extremists, while five ministerial portfolios were to be attributed to the RPF. While France sent troops to evacuate the Whites, Juppé declared: "It is true that we are reproached for not having landed in force to interpose ourselves between the combatants". In this situation which he will recognize as a genocide on May 18, 1994, to speak of “combatants” is not the appropriate term. The Tutsi of Rwanda have never been at war against the Hutu. They have no weapons and are being exterminated. If the RPF started fighting, it was to oppose the massacres unleashed by the Rwandan army and the militias immediately after the attack on the president. Interposing between the RPF and the killers would amount to protecting the latter. This is the mission that Alain Juppé wanted to assign to the blue helmets of UNAMIR II but the United States opposed it. This will be the unofficial mission of Operation Turquoise. Indeed, it was the advance of the RPF that brought Juppé out of "guilty passivity". If the massacres had really horrified him, he would have opposed the withdrawal of the Blue Helmets, which he advocated and voted for on April 21, 1994 in the Security Council.